Masoretic Text of the Hebrew Bible

The Masora Text of the Hebrew Bible in its Various Material Forms in Western Europe

Subproject B04, Collaborative Research Centre 933: Material Text Cultures. Materiality and Presence of Writingin Non-Typographic Societies
Funded by the German Research Foundation 2011–15; 2015–19; 2019–23

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Current Members of Staff:

Project Leader: Prof. Dr. Hanna Liss
Research Associate: Dr. Dr. Federico Dal Bo

Former Members of Staff:

Research Associate: Dr. Elodie Attia
Research Associate: Jonas Leipziger M.A.
Research Associate: Clemens Liedtke M.A.
Research Associate: Dr. Kay Joe Petzold
Research Associate: Hanna-Barbara Rost M.A.



Digital Edition

Currently, we prepare a Digital Edition of Masora Figurata (MS Vat. Ebr. 14). For further information and accessing the edition, please visit

BIMA Screenshot
Digitale Edition: Masorah Figurata in MS Vat. Ebr. 14



The aim is to clarify whether the relationship between the Masora in the Biblical manuscripts and the Masora traditions presented either in the form of lists or in isolation mirrors a relationship of ‘permanency’ in the textual tradition (liturgical tradition: synagogue) conserved in the Biblical artefact, and of ‘(varying) reception’ in an expanded field of application (commentary; grammar: Lehrhaus).


Subject of the sub-project is:

  • Masoretic commentaries and Masoretic supercommentaries in the Mediaeval exegetic and commentarial literature between 1040 and 1450
  • Select Ashkenazi Bible manuscripts which present the text of the Masora magna in micrographic script as Masora figurata
  • The key question in both studies is to what extent is the Masora tradition shaped by the material components and their designs: how are the great wealth of representational means connected with the different kinds of reception given in various social fields (scholarly circles, parish or synagogic practice)





Latest Revision: 2020-02-05